GLOSSARY & USES
Saban Rock Living creates handmade Saban exclusive natural well-being products infused with natural Saban ingredients, inspiration and nature.
All products are handmade on Saba, Dutch Caribbean, using as many local and locally grown ingredients as possible as well as organic products, products originating from sustainable and certified origins. Re-purposing and re-usage of materials found on Saba and by-materials such as packaging (glass, Heineken bottles, paper, biodegradable plastic etc) is a priority to keep the environmental footprint as small as possible. All other used by-products are recyclable and/or biodegradable.
The handmade well-being products include all natural:
Organic essential oil soy and coconut candles candles
Organic teas with Saban fuits and herbal infusions
Unisex line of facial cleansers, scrubs, lotions, creams, oil, body butters and soaps
Womens line of facial cleansers, serums, lotions, creams, butters, scrubs, soaps and candles
Mens line including shaving oils, creams, after shave splashes, hair waxes, beard and mustache waxes and oils, perfumes, scented candles and soaps
Sensitive skin, acne, skin damage soaps, liquid cleansers, lotions and butters
Insect repellents in form of essential oil sprays, creams and candles
Soaps and detergents
Exclusive Saban sea salt
Room deodorizers and diffusers
Pet products: shampoos, conditioners and sprays
Depending on season, different ingredients incorporated into the products will be available. If available, an organic version of the ingredient will always be used, all products are vegetable based (vegan) and of course never tested on animals and originates from certified and sustainable suppliers. The products are true to the Saban resources and environment.
This is a glossary of terms and ingredients used by Saban Rock Living. Saba has a challenging and exciting climate when making natural well-being products.
Glossary of most of my natural ingredients.
This list will be amended as new ingredients are included in the products. All well-being products are labelled with their ingredients and the * denotes an organic ingredient on all labels.
If an organic alternative is available, this will be used. All ingredients come from certified and sustainable facilities, are vegetable based and never tested on animals.
Locally made Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera helps with sunburn through its powerful healing activity at the epithelial level of the skin, a layer of cells that cover the body. It acts as a protective layer on the skin and helps replenish its moisture. Because of its nutritional qualities and antioxidant properties, the skin heals quicker.
Aloe moisturizes the skin without giving it a greasy feel, so it`s perfect for anyone with an oily skin complexion. For women who use mineral-based make-up, aloe vera acts as a moisturizer and is great for the face prior to the application to prevents skin drying. For men: Aloe vera gel can be used as an aftershave treatment as its healing properties can treat small cuts caused by shaving.
Aloe vera gel contains two hormones: Auxin and Gibberellins. These two hormones provide wound healing and anti-inflammatory properties that reduce skin inflammation. Giberellin in aloe vera acts as a growth hormone stimulating the growth of new cells. It allows the skin to heal quickly and naturally with minimal scarring. Aloe is soothing and can reduce skin inflammations, blistering and itchiness, while helping the skin to heal more rapidly. Additionally, in Ayurvedic medicine, Aloe is used to effectively heal chronic skin problems, such as psoriasis, acne and eczema. As we age, everyone begins to worry about the appearance of fine lines and the loss of elasticity in their skin. Aloe leaves contain a plethora of antioxidants including, beta carotene, vitamin C and E that can help improve the skin's natural firmness and keep the skin hydrated. The skin is like one big piece of elastic that’ll expand and contract as needed to accommodate growth. But if the skin stretches too far, too fast (due to pregnancy, rapid weight gain or loss) the elasticity of the skin can be damaged. That’s what leaves those unsightly stretch marks. These marks appear due to minor tears in the layers of the skin caused by sudden and excessive stretching. Aloe vera gel can help hide these stretch marks by healing these wounds.
Saban Sea Salt
Saban Rock Living makes its own sea salt by using the clean water that the local desalination and reverse osmosis plat produces.
Salt serves as a hardener and makes the bar moisturizing. Since our bodies are slightly salty, salt water is gentler on our skin than pure water. Salty soap is, too.
Saban Sea Salt, like all true sea salts has the same healing, detoxing and cleansing properties. Saban Sea Salt can be used in cooking; it is very salty so a little goes a long way! Saban Sea Salt is the only one of its kind, since Saban Rock Living is the only produced in the world.
Pink Himalayan Sea Salt
Pink Himalayan Sea Salts are known to cleanse and detoxify the skin, leaving it smoother, softer, and cleaner than ever before. The numerous minerals and nutrients found in Himalayan salts are released as they are mixed with warm water, and this solution is often referred to as “sole” or “brine water”. Himalayan salts are also known for their healing properties. Himalayan salts are an effective treatment for common skin conditions such as dry skin, psoriasis, and acne. Himalayan salts can also be used to soothe insect bites, heal blisters, and even treat ailments that affect our joints, such as arthritis.
French Grey Sea Salt
French Grey Sea Saltis formed as the sea water flows into the Guerande marshes, in France, during high tides. The water is directed into a settling pond, where it is evaporated leaving behind a crystallized salt. The salt obtains its natural grey coloring from the salt crystallizing on clay which also provides the salt with its high mineral content that includes magnesium and many other trace minerals. Bathing with Grey Sea Salts helps to re-mineralize the body, maintain balance and promote healthy skin.
Meadowfoam Seed Oil
Meadowfoam seed oil provides natural protection from the sun, absorbs quickly and reduces fine lines. It is rich in vitamin C and E.
Olive oil is rich in the vital ingredients of vitamins A and E. It also contains polyphenols that are necessary for healthy skin. These ingredients promote skin flexibility, have proven anti-aging qualities and are powerful anti-oxidants and efficient at removing free radicals. Olive Oil has superior penetrating ability, is rich in vitamins and minerals; contains some protein; is stable, resists rancidity and has excellent lubricating qualities. Olive Oil is nourishing and calming to the skin, it is believed to have cell-regenerative capabilities. As well as being quite mild, it is moisturizing, attracting external moisture and holding it close to the skin, and forming a breathable film to prevent internal moisture loss.
Shea Butter is rich in essential fatty acids and vitamins A and E, shea butter heals, soothes, and protects the skin from environmental damage. Safe for even sensitive, fragile skin, it is a superb, easily absorbed emollient with soothing protecting qualities is said to have some sun screening ability. Shea Butter is an emollient and lubricant known for treating dry skin, blemishes, skin discoloration, scars and wrinkles.
Goat's milk soap is wonderful for people with dry or sensitive skin, or conditions such as eczema and psoriasis. It is also perfect for healthy skin that wants to stay that way. Goat's milk contains the following:
1 - Alpha Hydroxy Acids such as lactic acid which help remove dead skin cells from your skin’s surface. This leaves new cells on the surface of your skin that are smoother and younger looking. The alpha-hydroxy acids are so effective because they break down the bonds that hold the dead skin cells together. Removing dead skin cells will help many skin conditions by removing irritation.
2 - Vitamins. Goat milk contains many vitamins, but is particularly high in Vitamin A, which is necessary to repair damaged skin tissue, and maintain healthy skin. Vitamin A is said to reduce lines and wrinkles, control acne, and provide some psoriasis relief.
3 - Cream. Fat molecules are an important part of making good soap. The cream that is present in goat milk helps boost the moisturizing quality of goat milk soaps. Goat's milk soap will not dry your skin out like many other soaps. This is important because keeping skin naturally moisturized helps keep skin healthy.
4 - Minerals. Goat's milk contains important minerals for the skin such as selenium. Selenium is believed to have an important role in preventing skin cancer. Selenium can also help prevent damage to the skin from excessive time in the sun.
Mango butter is used for its moisturizing essential fatty acids. It’s rich in oleic acid, a mono-unsaturated omega-9 acid; and stearic acid, a saturated fatty acid. These are ingredients that the skin readily recognizes, takes up, and uses to help add moisture to the skin, repair damage, and improve elasticity. It promotes collagen production; it is a natural source of vitamin A which encourages healthy cell production and turnover. It fades scars, stretch marks, acne scars, and other old scars become more pliable and less noticeable when exposed to all the goodies in mango butter—moisturizers, antioxidants, anti-inflammatories, and skin regenerators. Treats dry skin, dry patches, flakiness, eczema and dermatitis flare-ups, and even psoriasis can benefit from daily application of mango butter, which goes to work deeply moisturizing and repairing damaged skin. It also reduces the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Is also protects from sun damage, soothes sunburn, calms insect bites, treats small wounds and suitable for sensitive skin.
Jojoba oil is chemically very similar to the human sebum. This is because sebum is also largely comprised of wax mono esters, the primary constituent of jojoba oil. In most cases, it can act as a substitute while giving similar or added benefits compared to sebum. Jojoba oil is extremely safe to use since it is non-toxic, non-comedogenic and non-allergenic. This means that it will not clog pores and will not cause any allergic reactions. It is also not an irritant, so it can safely be used around the eyes and on the skin. In addition to that, it does not cause a greasy feeling when used on the skin like other oils do. It also has a high content of beneficial minerals and Vitamin E. It contains many different varieties of tocopherols which make up Vitamin E and many other natural minerals. Vitamin E is well known for promoting healthy and clear skin. Jojoba oil prevents damage from free radicals. Jojoba oil is an antioxidant and protects you from the damaging effects of free radicals, which is believed to contribute or cause various chronic diseases and cancer. It is antibacterial. Most bacteria including Staphylococcus aureus and the fungus Candida albicans cannot reproduce and die when they come into contact with jojoba oil.
Pure argan oil is one of the rarest oils in the world and is revered for its rich concentration of vitamins and minerals. The oil contains high levels of tocopherols (vitamin E), powerful antioxidants that are vital for healthy skin and hair. High levels of carotenes, phenolic acid, squalene and phenols also contribute to the oil's cosmetic value. The oil is composed of 42.8% oleic fatty acids and 36.8% linoleic fatty acids, both of which contribute to its healing and moisturizing properties. Argan oil also contains squalenes that help protect collagen and make skin softer. Phenolic compounds found in the oil help protect the skin from harmful free radicals that contaminate skin and leave it dull, lifeless and dry. Argan oil is high in fatty acids, making it an intense moisturizer that will leave skin softer. The oil also has a soothing effect on acne scars, rheumatic conditions and other skin problems. The high concentration of vitamin E found in the oil can relieve symptoms of eczema and psoriasis. It can also be used to strengthen brittle or weak nails. The oil is particularly useful for restoring a glossy shine to hair and repairing split ends. It is also the perfect base for yours nails.
Sweet almond oil
Almond oil is known mostly for its moisturizing effects. It enhances the appearance of the complexion and makes the skin smooth and supple. Almond oil is rich in Vitamins A, B1, B2 and E and relieves itching. It is the perfect oil for any skin type but people with dry skin will benefit the most from using it. Almond oil provides overall nourishment to the skin so it can be healthy with a radiant glow. Almond oil is also known for its healing properties when used on the skin. Issues like psoriasis, eczema, sunburn, dermatitis and muscle pain can be relieved with the use of almond oil, as herbs. Almond oil also balances moisture levels and when the skin is properly moisturized it can heal faster from problems it might face. Some people even find that almond oil helps with acne and scars but this has not been proven.
Almond oil is helpful for protecting the skin and preventing premature aging and inflammation of the skin. Not only does almond oil protect the skin but it also refines the structure of the skin, stimulates cell renewal and helps fight against the unwanted effects of aging such as fine lines, wrinkles, or sagging skin and prevents dehydration of skin.
Sunflower oil is an emollient and lubricant that contains large amounts of Vitamin E.
Rosehop oil is full of Omega 3 & 6 fatty acids, as well as vitamin C, GLA (Gamma Linoliec Acid) and EFS’s (Essential Fatty Acids). It helps reduce scars and fine lines and is antioxidants, which are integral for tissue and cell regeneration in the skin..
Avocado oil soothes and softens. It is rich in vitamins A, D and E. Benefits: This oil is very soothing for the skin in general but particularly good for mature and dry skin. Very helpful for nappy rash. Avocado Oil contains proteins, lecithin and amino acids. This highly therapeutic oil is said to have healing and regenerating properties.
Hemp Seed Oil
The Hemp seed oil used in cosmetics and skincare products does NOT contain the psychoactive THC ingredient and is therefore not subject to any legal restriction. Hemp seed oil is rich with proteins, vitamins, minerals, and essential fatty acids. It's excellent for all skin and hair needs. Hemp oil is from the seed of the hemp plant that contains between 25-35% oil by weight, which is high in essential fatty acids. Antimicrobial properties make it a useful ingredient for soaps, shampoos and detergents. Hemp seed oil is natures most perfectly balanced oil, containing Omega-3 Linolenic Acid and Omega-6 Linoleic Acid. These are Essential Fatty-Acids also known as EFA'S. Your body needs these EFA'S for tissue repair and growth. Hemp oil is one of the few oils that contains measurable levels of gamma-linolenic acid, an omega-6 fatty acid that is synthesized in healthy persons from linoleic acid. Supplementation with gamma-linolenic acid may be useful in treating atopic eczema, premenstrual syndrome, diabetic neuropathy and arthritis in patients in which this synthesis process is impaired The EFA linoleic acid found in Hemp seed oil, and its metabolite gamma-linolenic acid, has proven to have most beneficial therapeutic effects on the skin. Hemp seed oil contains 50%-60% linoleic acid and contains GLA. The profile of the EFA found in Hemp seed closely resembles the skin's natural lipids, and therefore neutralizes the effects of dehydration, and thereby protects against dry skin. Hemp seed oil contains fatty acids which contain glycerides, sterols and phospholipids. Fatty acids occur naturally in the skin and are helpful in protection against oxidative damage and can help with supplementation of the skin's intercellular matrix. Young and properly functioning skin has ceramides, but with age this level decreases and the polyunsaturated fatty acids that make ceramides flexible are replaced by less saturated fatty acids, and the slower metabolism is conducive to wrinkle formation and skin aging. The topical use of fatty acids help as an anti-inflammatory and recompense for lower ceramide levels and thereby reducing the appearance of wrinkles.
Zinc has been used for centuries as a sunscreen and to treat skin conditions ranging from rosacea to warts to infections and even hyper-pigmentation. In fact, certain skin conditions may be your body’s way of telling you you’re not getting enough zinc. Several studies have shown that zinc—both topically and when taken internally—can help clear up acneic skin. Zinc is also a natural astringent. That means it tightens tissues and absorbs excess oil—another reason zinc is so good as an anti-acne treatment. It helps tighten pores and prevent the buildup of sebum, reducing the formation of blackheads and pimples. Zinc is a natural anti-inflammatory, which means that it can help tame inflammation. Since rosacea is mostly an inflammatory disease, it makes sense that zinc might help reduce flare-ups. That’s what scientists have found. Like rosacea, psoriasis is also an inflammatory skin condition. Scientists tried treating it with creams that contained zinc, and found that it was effective. Taking zinc orally also helped improve symptoms of psoriatic arthritis. Again, because of its anti-inflammatory properties as well as its ability to act as an antioxidant, zinc has been used to treat eczema. Topical applications were found to improve symptoms of eczema in study participants, easing severity and itching.
Raspberry Seed Oil
Raspberry Seed Oil absorbs UV-B and UV-C so it is useful as a broad-spectrum sunscreen.
It is anti-inflammatory due to the high content of alpha linolenic acid (the highest in any fruit seed oil) and phytosterols therefore helpful for eczema and psoriasis It has anti-aging benefits due to content of ellegic acid (an anti oxidant). This study show that elegiac acid “reduced the destruction of collagen and inflammatory response, both major causes of wrinkles.” It also protects against ultra violet damage. Raspberry seed oil is very high in Vitamin E – an antioxidant. Antioxidants in skin care are important to prevent oxidative damage which can lead to premature skin aging and skin cancer
Its very high levels of phytosterols can help reduce trans epidermal water loss thereby helping to keep skin moisturized. Phytosterols also help to repair skin damaged by environmental factors including sun damage
Grape Seed Oil
Grape seed oil has mildly astringent qualities which help to tighten and tone the skin, which makes it useful for acne and other skin complaints. Grape seed contains proanthocyanidins, which are considered very potent antioxidants, helpful for diminishing the sun's damaging effects and lessening free-radical damage and is helpful in wound healing. It is rich in linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid quite important for the skin and the cell membranes. Grapeseed oil is reported to have regenerative and restructuring virtues and has great skin moisturizing properties. Grapeseed oil contains the following fatty acids: palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, alpha linolenic, icosanoic, icosenoic and docosanoic. It is an emollient that imparts a rich, silky luster to skin while soothes. Rich in vitamins, minerals and linoleic acid (an essential fatty acid) not a skin irritation.
Apricot Kernel Oil
Apricot Kernel Oil (seed based) is very nourishing for the skin, improving elasticity. High in Vitamin E. It's gentle enough for a baby's delicate skin.
Castor Oil is an emollient, natural oil. High percentage of ricinoleic acid leads to high viscosity. It castor Oil acts as a humectant.
Wheat Germ Oil
Wheat Germ Oil moisturizers and softens skin and is a rich source of vitamin E that smoothes the skin and serves as an antioxidant. Wheat Germ Oil is rich in Vitamin E, A and D, used for its antioxidant effects on free radicals in the skin. It is a natural preservative. Wheat Germ Oil supports the skins natural process of regeneration; aids muscle and lymph function and is particularly valuable for treating dry, aging skin. Wheat Germ Oil is good for stretch marks and scar tissue, and for dry rough skin. It leaves the skin very smooth while nourishing and helping heal the skin. Wheat Germ Oil contains carotene and vegetable lecithin which nourish skin cells and prevent moisture loss.
Bentonite clay is composed of aged volcanic ash. Bentonite Clay is a unique clay due to its ability to produce an “electrical charge” when hydrated. Upon contact with fluid, its electrical components change, giving it the ability to absorb toxins. Bentonite is known for its ability to absorb and remove toxins, heavy metals, impurities, and chemicals. Bentonite is a swelling clay. When it becomes mixed with water it rapidly swells open like a highly porous sponge. From here the toxins are drawn into the sponge through electrical attraction and once there, they are bound. Bentonite clay carries a strong negative charge which bonds to the positive charge in many toxins. When it comes in contact with a toxin, chemical, or heavy metal, the clay will absorb the toxin and release its minerals for the body to use. Bentonite also helps get oxygen to cells as it pulls excess hydrogen and allows the cells to replace it with oxygen instead. It helps with skin and allergy issues and it provide minerals for the the body. It can be used externally for all types of skin problems and to speed healing. Healing clays like Bentonite have a high concentration of minerals including silica, calcium, magnesium, sodium, iron, and potassium.
Because of its super absorbing capabilities, this is a great clay for oily skin since it can suck up all that excess sebum easily. Not only that, but it has electric properties that when mixed with water makes the molecules charged and attracts toxins out of your face and to the clay kind of like a magnet. This also goes for any skin ailments involving bacteria and fungus (also impurities) like psoriasis and eczema. Since bentonite clay swells when mixed with water, making it a highly porous substance, it can absorb more than its initial mass, including any swelling from excess sodium in your face. With its tightening, acne-clearing, and impurity-absorbing abilities, you can probably tell why bentonite is a go-to for any skin concerns.
White kaolin clay is the gentlest and thus great for sensitive dry skin. It doesn’t absorb so much as it does soften with super gentle bits for a mild exfoliation. Yellow kaolin clay is slightly more absorbent and exfoliating but remains gentle enough for sensitive skin. This can be more circulation-boosting, so you’ll probably find it in a lot of brightening masks. Red kaolin clay has the most absorbing powers of the bunch and is best for oily skin. This is a great addition for acne/detoxifying masks for the face or body. Pink kaolin clay is pretty much a mixture of the white and red kaolin clays, making it an idea balance for those with sensitive skin that needs a bit of oil-vacuuming and gentle exfoliation.
French Green Clay
French green clay is your go-to for exfoliation and pore-tightening on top of oil-absorption. It can be called Illite Clay or Sea Clay, the green color comes from the the amount of decomposed plant material and iron oxide and is a determining factor in the quality of the clay. It’s so absorbent that not only does it drink up oils, it also pulls blood towards the surface of your skin, giving you a bit of a tingling sensation as it boosts circulation.
Unique in that Rhassoul clay is great for both skin and hair, this ancient clay is mined from Morocco and is very rich in minerals. It’s very negatively charged and most toxins in your skin are positively charged, so this clay is the perfect magnet for sopping up all those impurities—sebum plugs, blackheads, and oil around hair follicles. It doesn’t, however, leave you dry because of its elasticity and texture-improving effects. It’s gentle enough for daily use in small doses like in soap, makes a heavy-duty exfoliator when mixed with crushed oats or almonds, and is even great for absorbing excess build-up on hair, restoring volume, and shine.
Coconut Activated Charcoal
Coconut activated charcoal makes pores smaller and cleaner by pulling the dirt out of your pores making them less visible and leaving your skin feeling fresh. It also, in the form of a mask can pull excess oil from the skin. It helps calm down acne. In soap form, it’s slightly gritty, which might provide just the gentle exfoliating you need. It will also absorb oils and toxins on and below the skin. It can also be used on hair. Activated charcoal can help speed the healing and relieve the symptoms. For minor skin ailments including insect bites, stings, cuts, scrapes and minor infections activated charcoal can be applied topically. The activated charcoal, when applied as a paste, helps absorb venom and infection. It will also bring down swelling and lessen pain. To make the paste: slowly add water to a bit of activated charcoal powder and mix until it is a spreadable consistency.
Castile soaps named after Castile, Spain, a region renowned for its olive oil. Castile bar soap was traditionally made with olive oil and animal fat. Today, solid and liquid forms are made with vegetable oils like coconut, hemp seed, jojoba, and olive oil. Saban Rock Livings Castile soap is made only of olive oil, the original.
Beeswax is secreted from the underside glands of the bee abdomen; bees mold the wax to form honeycomb. Beeswax is a wax from the honey-comb of the bee. Used primarily as an emulsifier.
As a thickener and emulsifier commonly found in salves and lotions, beeswax reduces inflammation, softens skin, and has antioxidant properties. It is also an anti-oxidant and therefore has some free radical-scavenging ability (ie - fights harmful pollutants).
Cocoa Butter is obtained from cocoa beans, used as an emollient. Cocoa Butter is mainly used is a thickening agent and is a common ingredient in lipsticks, soaps and emollient creams. It easily absorbs into the skin and imparts sheen. It softens and lubricates the skin. Cocoa Butter is is known for its hydrating effects, Cocoa Butter is also gentle on the skin and has a pleasing aroma and is excellent when used on dry skin or on wrinkles.
Best overall age-fighter. It reduces wrinkles, fades brown spots, smoothes roughness.Also called retinoid. *Vitamin A encourages healthy skin cell production. Retinal, retinol and retinoic acid are important to cell production and growth. It also stimulates fibroblasts—the cells responsible for developing tissue that keeps skin firm and healthy—in the deep layers of your skin.
Boosts hydration and reduces redness. Strengthens your skin barrier to keep moisture in and irritants out. It also minimizes dark spots. Also called niacinamide
Boosts hydration and reduces redness. Strengthens your skin barrier to keep moisture in and irritants out. It also minimizes dark spots. Also called niacinamide *Vitamin B6 is important for skin development and maintenance. Vitamin B6 deficiency is associated with skin dermatitis
*Vitamin B12 helps to regulate the production of pigment in the skin, helping to prevent dark spots and pigmentation. Cobalamin also assists the body with the metabolism of protein which, in turn, promotes the growth of healthy skincells and helps to repair damaged skin
All around anti-ager.Need more than 5% to ensure skin care benefits. Smoothes and firms skin. Vitamin C has antioxidant properties (ascorbic acid) and its role in collagen synthesis makes it a vital molecule for skin health. Dietary and topical ascorbic acid have beneficial effects on skin cells, and some studies have shown that vitamin C may help prevent and treat ultraviolet (UV)-induced photodamage.
Vitamin E is known for its healing effects and is proven to help prevent scarring and speed healing. Eases dryness and bolsters your skin’s UV defense. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant that may be effective at reducing UV damage in skin. And vitamin E applied topically may help nourish and protect your skin from damage caused by free radicals.
For younger, brighter eyes. Included in most eye creams that also include vitamin A. Lightens under eye circles. Also, called phyonadione
Coconut oil heals and calms as well as moisturizers without clogging pores and has natural sun screen. It has a defatting effect on skin which is overcome by using coconut oil- deprived esters rather than the oil itself. Surfactants derived from coconut oil have good cleansing properties and are generally known to be mild. Coconut Oil is the oil derived from coconuts acts as a surfactant and has good cleansing properties and is great for helping moisture stay in the skin. Both 76 and 92 melting point coconut oils are used.
Carrot Seed Oil
Carrot Seed essential oil is a STAR. It contains large number of antioxidants, vitamin C and K. These components help protect against stress, UV Rays and pollution. Carotenoids have been found to enhance the body's immune response to UV rays which can decrease skin damage from UV exposure. It is healing and rejuvenates skin cells. It helps heal eczema, psoriasis and dermatitis because of its ability to stimulate cell growth and repair damaged skin. Carrot seed oil also helps to balance the skin, it will not clog pores, but will moisturizer edgy skin.
Kelp exfoliates and at the same time nourishes the skin not leaving it dry. Another key seaweed benefit is its ability to detoxify and remove toxins from the outer layer of the skin and tone the skin. This is accomplished by a gentle scrubbing action as seaweed is naturally rich in minerals and vitamin and their grain structure enables the scrubbing action. Unlike other soaps which may have synthetic components, that are harsh to the skin especially the face, seaweed soaps increase blood circulation around the skin.
Evening Pimrose Oil
Native American Indian medicine men have used Evening Pimrose Oil since ancient times to make an infusion for healing wounds because it reduces bacteria and infection as well as reduces inflammation. Evening Pimrose Oil is used in skin care products not only for these reasons but also because of its excellent moisturizing and emollient properties which reduces the affects of aging skin. Evening primrose oil is often prescribed for dry skin problems like psoriasis and eczema. Evening primrose oil is an exceptionally fine textured oil and has remarkable moisturizing, emollient and anti-inflammatory properties. Used in soap making, evening primrose oil is effective in helping those with dry skin, eczema and psoriasis plus it conditions the skin against weather and aging. Evening Primrose Oil helps your body replenish moisture lost to tanning, minimizing flaking and peeling for the appearance of a longer-lasting tan. Evening Primrose Oil is essential fatty acid oil, rich in gamma-linoleic and gamma-linolenic acids. Also, known as Vitamin F.
Witch hazel is a compound with powerful medicinal properties that can be used in a variety of ways. It’s derived from the leaves and bark of Hamamelis virginiana, a type of shrub that is native to North America. Most often applied to the skin and scalp, witch hazel is widely known for its ability to ease inflammation and soothe sensitive skin.
Relieves inflamation . Iitch hazel contains many compounds with potent anti-inflammatory properties, including gallic acid and tannins. It also contains antioxidants that help prevent widespread inflammation and neutralize free radicals, which are disease-causing compounds that can build up in your body. Therefore, witch hazel could have far-reaching benefits and may be useful in the treatment of inflammatory-related issues, such as acne, eczema or psoriasis. Studies show that topically-applied witch hazel can effectively reduce inflammation and help soothe your skin.
Reduces Skin Irritation. Applying witch hazel topically to sensitive skin may be beneficial in the treatment of inflamed, irritated or broken skin. In fact, witch hazel has been shown to suppress erythema — a reddening of the skin caused by injury or irritation. Witch hazel may help reduce skin redness and provide relief for irritated and sensitive skin.
Helps Treat Hemorrhoids. Witch hazel is often used to reduce the itching, redness, pain, bleeding and swelling associated with hemorrhoids.
Fights Acne. Thanks to its powerful anti-inflammatory properties, it can be applied directly to your face after cleansing or steaming for maximum effectiveness. It acts as an astringent, causing your tissues to contract to help shrink pores, while also soothing your skin and relieving inflammation.
Alleviates Scalp Sensitivity. Witch hazel may help reduce scalp irritation and inflammation. It’s also sometimes used for treating dandruff and dryness, though more studies are needed to evaluate its effectiveness for these conditions.
Protects Against Skin Damage. Witch hazel is rich in tannins, a natural plant compound with powerful antioxidant properties that can help protect your skin against damage when applied topically. Witch hazel helps neutralize harmful free radicals and prevented the spread of skin cancer cells. The tannins in witch hazel were able to slow skin tumor growth in mice exposed to radiation.
Incorporated Saban plants, Herbs & Minerals
These are some of the Saban specific ingredients used by Saban Rock Living:
Bay Rum Tree (aka Cinnamon bush) (distillate base in soaps)
Lemongrass (distillate base in soaps)
Snake Apple Bush
Devil’s Horse Whip
Essential Oils – what and why
Essential oils are the pure essence of flowers and herbs. Extracted from the roots, shrubs, flowers, leaves, stems, or bark of a plant through distillation, these essential oils are highly concentrated and incredibly fragrant.djghskgh
The essential oil extracted from a plant is 100 times more concentrated than the scent of the fresh plant itself. Because these essential oils contain the distinctive scent and essence of each plant or flower they were extracted from, they are commonly used in medicines, perfumes, soaps and flavorings. In the process of candle or soap making, using essential oils is the only way you can scent naturally.
How essential oils work, a short description
Our ability to pick up on a scent or to recall a memory via scent is incredibly powerful. When we take in the aroma of an essential oil, we process the scent through the limbic system of our brains. In the limbic system of our brains, our emotions are processed, our moods are stimulated, and our memories are stored.
Therefore, we are attached to certain scents and may have an aversion to others. When we encounter a particular scent, our subconscious processes and reacts to it before we even realize it.
Some essential oils like lavender promote relaxation and comfort while others, like lemongrass and citrus make us feel more alert and energized. Many essential oils are known to contain antibacterial, antiviral, and antiseptic properties, which can be used as an added defense against illness in your home.
Depending on which essential oil you choose for your candle, soap or lotion, there are many therapeutic, medicinal, and homeopathic uses for the oil.
Top Essential Oils use by Saban rock living
Each essential oil contains compounds with unique healing and therapeutic benefits. Here are some of the most popular essential oils and how Saban Rock Living uses them.
Bay Rum Tree/West Indies Bay Tree
One of the main benefits of bay oil is its ability to help ease pain brought by neuralgia, which is severe pain that occurs due to a damaged nerve. It can also assist in stimulating blood vessel contraction, and relieve pressure on the nerves. This can considerably alleviate pain. Bay oil can also help in reducing pain from joint and muscle problems (including sprains and arthritis), and coughs and colds, viral infections, and flu. It also functions as a decongestant and can be used to assist in treating respiratory problems when inhaled.
The prevention of hair loss is another promoted benefit of the oil from the West Indies bay tree. As an astringent, the oil triggers contractions in muscles and tissues. It fortifies the hold of scalp on hair roots, as well as strengthens gums and helps stop the sagging of skin and muscles. Hemorrhages can also be potentially prevented when using bay oil, which can cause blood vessels to contract. 
Cinnamon leaf oil can work wonders as a quick pick-me-up or stress buster after a long and tiring day, or if you want to soothe your aching muscles and joints as it helps ease muscular aches, sprains, rheumatism, and arthritis. It's also a tonic that assists in reducing drowsiness and gives you an energy boost if you're physically and mentally exhausted. It can be used as a disinfectant, antiseptic, a powerful insect repellent and keep hair healthy.
A powerful bug repellent, anti-fungal, relieves arthritis and helps prevent colds.
Anti-bacterial, anti-parasitic and antioxidant protection.
Improves circulation, reduces varicose veins, lifts confidence and can help heal broken bones.
Improves respiratory issues like bronchitis, sinusitis and allergies. Also, invigorating and purifies the body
Improves respiratory issues like bronchitis, sinusitis and allergies. Also, invigorating and purifies the body.
Builds immunity, reduces inflammation, heals age spots, supports brain and fights cancer. It also contributes to healthy skin cells. It balances the skin and helps other oils to penetrate deeper.
Reduces inflammation, supports joints, improves digestion and relieves nausea.
Supports metabolism and cellulite reduction. Mix with coconut oil and rub on areas of cellulite or take a few drops internally with water.
Helps with relaxation, improves mood and heals burns and cuts. It calms and balances the skin as well as adding a lovely scent. Lavender helps treat acne. Lavender oil is one of those natural ingredients you can look up to for getting rid of acne troubles. The oil has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties that can fight the bacteria that cause acne and inflammation. It also aids in the treatment og eczema. The oil has the ability to relieve itching and reduce the symptoms of eczema. It also decongests the irritated areas on the skin by adding moisture, thereby accelerating the healing process. Lavender contains powerful antioxidants that can fight against the harmful effects of pollutants on the skin. The antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties of lavender oil are amazing. The oil is beneficial in healing the burns, and helps treat the scars caused by them. In addition, lavender oil also acts as a pain reliever. Lavender oil can act as a good insect repellent, and it has been traditionally used for treating insect bites. Lavender oil has been found to be excellent for treating tired muscles, especially that of the feet and head. It promotes sleep as well. Do
Great to use in homemade cleaning products, improves lymph drainage and cleanses the body.
The most powerful insect repellent 
Natural anti-septic and can prevent or reduce infections. Also, supports beautiful skin, reducing stretch marks and hormone balance.
Powerful anti-microbial properties, can kill fungus and help you kick a cold fast.
Supports digestion, improves focus, boosts energy, fever reducer, headache and muscle pain relief.
Incredible for reducing skin inflammation and great for creating glowing skin. Add a few drops to your facial moisturizer. Also, one of the most valued essential oils in the world at $1000+ for 15ml.
Can naturally thicken hair so it is great to add to homemade shampoos. Also, it improves brain function and memory so it’s great to use when working, reading or studying. Rosemary essential oil stimulates the activity of antioxidants which are powerful weapons for fighting infection and disease. The massage and inhalation of rosemary essential oil decreases the cortisol levels. This helps in scavenging the free radical activity in your body.
Tea tree oil (melaleuca)
Natural anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, reduces bad odors and can help stimulate the immune system.
Stimulates hair growth, antiseptic, helps relieve pain, regulated oil production and and reduce skin inflammation that contributes to dermatitis.
Sandalwood is a mild astringent, meaning it can induce minor contractions in our soft tissues, such as gums and skin. Many aftershaves and facial toners use sandalwood as one of their primary ingredients to help soothe, tighten, and cleanse the skin. Sandalwood is also an excellent anti-viral agent. It has been found to be beneficial to prevent replication of common viruses, such as herpes simplex. It can be applied to the skin to reduce inflammation from mild skin irritation such as superficial wounds, pimples, warts, or boils. Make sure to always test the oil on a small area before applying it directly to the skin or mix it with a base oil first. It has also been used for centuries to treat urinary and chest infections. If you have a sore throat, you can also gargle with a cup of water with a few drops of sandalwood oil added. Sandalwood is also an anti-inflammatory agent that may provide relief from mild inflammation such as insect bites, contact irritations, or other skin conditions.
Helps relive pain, anti inflammatory, antibacterial, and preservative.
It's most renowned as a pain reliever for muscular or skeletal problems.
• Pain relief — The most popular health benefit of wintergreen oil is its pain-relieving effects, which can help alleviate headache, muscle cramps, joint pain, tendonitis and bone pain. Wintergreen oil also helps drive out stress and tension.
• Relief for rheumatism and arthritis — stimulates blood circulation around the affected tissues and muscles, helping clear blood obstructions, which is one of the major causes of these two conditions.
It also reaches the bloodstream, where it helps stimulate and increase urination, speeding up the removal of uric acid and other toxins. This can reduce the effects of rheumatism.
• Helps prevent infections — can be fatal to bacteria (such as Staphylococcus aureus), protozoa and fungi. However, it is not advisable to take the oil orally to fight infections in the internal organs, nor is it recommended to be used on open wounds.
• Promotes skin and hair health — helps tone the skin and prevent acne (if used in a very diluted form). It also prevents dandruff and tones the hair roots, which helps prevent hair fall.
Different oils can be blended together to enhance each other’s energy or can be blended with a base oil to be used for massage, shower gels, or body lotions.
Perfect Soap on Saba…it's it possible?
The best soap recipe produces a bar with luscious creamy abundant lather. It creates a hard bar of soap that is lasts for a long time. A perfect soap formula cleanses without being overly drying, and has just the right amount of skin nourishing oils and additives.
For me to reach the goal of the perfect soap on Saba, there are soap calculators that help calculate the combinations of oils and butters to make sure I end up within the value I want.
The Saban climate changes many of the oils and butters characteristics due to the heat, humidity and how the curing climate is. Nothing is easy on Saba, that's why making a perfect soap is so exciting and challenging!
Fatty Acids and what hey do and their levels
Lauric is a saturated fatty acid that contributes hardness, cleansing, and big fluffy lather. Babassu, and Coconut Oil are all extremely high in lauric acid. Too much lauric acid in a formula can feel drying unless properly balanced with a high superfat or high unsaturated fatty acid content. My soaps lay between 14%-17%.
Myristic is a saturated fatty acid that contributes hardness, cleansing, and fluffy lather. A lot of exotic oils contain high amounts of myristic acid, such as Murumuru Butter, Tucuma Seed Butter, Monoi de Tahiti Oil, and Cohune Oil. However, there’s also a decent myristic acid content in the more common Coconut and Babassu Oils. My formulas tend to fall between 4% and 7% myristic acid.
Palmitic is a saturated fatty acid that contributes hardness and stable creamy lather. Most soapmakers immediately think palm oil (and yes, palm oil contains palmitic acid). However, there are plenty of animal fats that contain a heaping serving of palmitic acid, such as tallow, lard, rabbit fat, and duck fat. But I don't use animal fats! Cocoa butter is a great alternative to palm oil and animal fats for my contribution to palmitic acid. Normal range is10%-20%, however I sometimes have 4%-8%
Stearic is a saturated fatty acid that contributes hardness and stable lather in soapmaking, like palmitic acid, except that it has a longer carbon chain. There are many butters containing high amounts of stearic acid, including Kokum, Illipe, Sal, Mango, and Shea butters. A commonly missed oil that contains a gigantic amount of stearic acid (more than any butter!) is hydrogenated soybean oil (sometimes referred to as soy wax or soy shortening). The average percentage of stearic acid in my range between 3%-8%, often 7%. Now, this is where I make up for my low palmitic acid content! My favorite formulas tend to fall between 11% and 16% stearic acid.
Oleic is an unsaturated fatty acid that contributes to the conditioning/moisturizing abilities of a soap. Oleic acid is what makes olive oil so loved. Ironically, there are plenty of oils that contain far more oleic acid than olive oil does, including high oleic Sunflower, Safflower, and Canola oils and the more expensive luxury oils like Hazelnut, Marula, Moringa, and Buriti oils. Good levels lie between 32%-41%.
Linoleic is an unsaturated fatty acid that contributes to the conditioning/moisturizing levels, and is often a contributor to the silkiness of the lather. Luxury oils like Evening Primrose, Passion Fruit, Watermelon, Wheat Germ, and Hemp Seed oils are loaded up on linoleic acid, but are expensive to use in high amounts and have a short shelf life. My formulas range between 7% and 14% linoleic acid. The formula tends to go rancid more quickly then the other fatty acids if the linoleum level is too high.
Linolenic is an unsaturated fatty acid that contributes to the conditioning/moisturizing levels, and is typically very low in soap formulas. Linolenic is not the same thing as linoleic. It’s found in high percentages in luxury oils such as Pomegranate Seed oil, but it’s also found in Flax, Kukui, and Hemp Seed oils. There’s a small amount of linolenic acid in more common soaping oils, such as Olive, Rice Bran, Canola, and Sunflower oils. My formulas tend to hit around 0.2% to 0.5% linolenic acid.
Ricinoleic is an unsaturated fatty acid that contributes to the conditioning/moisturizing levels, and the stability of lather. Many soapmakers feel it adds a little slip and glide to the lather. Castor oil is the only readily available soapmaking oil known to contain ricinoleic acid, and it’s a super high 90%! My soaps fall between 5-10%, since I love lather.
Soap Bar Qualities
What are the best values for Hardness, Cleansing, Condition, Bubbly and Creamy?
The number ranges are meant to be a relative indicator of the soap's qualities and are general guidelines, not absolute standards. The numbers are based on the combined fatty acid content of my recipe in a soap calculator. Each fatty acid contributes certain qualities to the soap as shown in chart below.
Hardness Cleansing Bubbly Lather Creamy Lather Conditioning
Lauric Yes Yes Yes
Myristic Yes Yes Yes
Palmitic Yes Yes
Stearic Yes Yes
Ricinoleic Yes Yes Yes
The ranges of numbers below represent typical values. They are suggested guidelines.
This refers to the hardness of the soap bar. Higher is harder. A range of 29 to 54 is satisfactory for this soap quality. A low Iodine value also contributes to hardness.
This refers to the soap's ability to grab on to oils. A soap molecule is a chain of carbon atoms. One end of the chain attracts water; the other end attracts oil. When you wash your skin with soap and water, multiple chains will gather around a droplet of oil (which contains, for lack of a better word, dirt) with their oil-hungry ends attached to the oil droplet. The water hungry ends are surrounded with water. To make this happen you need to mix up (scrub or rub) the soap and water on your skin. When you rinse, the oil droplets with the attached soap molecules are washed away.
Some soap molecules can have a very hungry oil grabbing end. Soap made with too much Lauric and/or Myristic Acid can irritate the skin by washing away not only the top dirty layer of oils, but also the protective layer of surface oils on the skin. Keeping the total of coconut and palm kernel in your recipe to no more than 30-35% is considered the norm. However, when using large or very large percentages of coconut and palm kernel the strong cleansing can be compensated for by superfating with an oil or butter that has a high conditioning value. A typical range for Cleansing would be 12 to 22.
Conditioning refers to the soap’s emollient content. A soap’s emollients are left on the skin. They help the skin retain moisture. They sooth the skin and keep it soft. A range of 44 to 69 is satisfactory for this soap quality.
This refers to the soap’s ability to lather up and get bubbly. A typical range of values would be 14 to 46. The higher Bubbly numbers will tend to produce a foamy, fluffy lather rather than a creamy lather with littler or no bubbles.
This value indicates the stability and creaminess of the lather. Usually, increasing Bubbly will decrease Creamy and vice versa. A range of 16 to 48 is common here. The higher Creamy numbers will tend to produce a creamy lather with lesser amounts of bubbles or foam. Soap made with oils that do not contain Lauric, Myristic or Ricinoleic acids will produce a soap with just creamy lather. An example would be 100% olive oil soap.
Generally, the lower the number, the harder the bar and the less the conditioning qualities and vice versa. A recipe with iodine values higher than 70 will tend to produce a somewhat soft bar of soap. Definition: number of grams of iodine that will react with the double bonds in 100 grams of fats or oils. The iodine value is the measure of the number of grams of iodine that will unite with exactly 100 grams of the oil in question. As a broad rule, the higher the iodine value the softer the bar and the more conditioning properties it will have. Alternately, the lower the iodine value the harder the bar and the less conditioning properties it will have.
A measure of the physical qualities of the soap based on the SAP and iodine value. It is used to predict the physical characteristics of the soap bar - the ideal being 160. Experience has proven a range of about 136 - 170 will generally be acceptable.
Summary of values:
Hardness 29 to 54
Cleansing 12 to 22
Condition 44 to 69
Bubbly lather 14 to 46
Creamy lather 16 to 48
Iodine 41 to 70 (lower = harder bar)
INS 136 to 170 (higher = harder bar)
All natural soy & Coconut candles
100% soy wax is used as well as 100% coconut wax when making candles here on Saba. They are fragranced with essential oils for their therapeutic, medicinal, and homeopathic uses.
These candles, when colored, are colored with herbs such as comfrey, rose hips powder, peppermint, lavender, madder root powder, alkanet root powder, annatto seeds, spirulina powder and natural oxides etc. it's a process but very worth while doing!
I also make 100% soy wax candles with a mixture of essential and skin safe fragrance oils for special occasions such as Christmas. These candles can also be colored with herbs as well as liquid candle colors.
All candles are hand poured in limited quantities and in reusable and recyclable containers.
 Bay oil, along with thyme oil, also showed anti-fungal activity. In a 2008 study, out of 26 plant species tested, thyme and bay oils were the most effective against Phytophthora cactorum and Cryponectria parasitica. Further research9 has demonstrated the antibacterial effects of bay essential oil, along with 9 other essential oils – cinnamon, grapefruit, lemongrass, thyme, clary sage, wintergreen, clove, allspice, and camphor. These oils were tested on methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA). Researchers found that these oils were more efficient in eliminating the bacterial strains than vancomycin, the primary drug used for MRSA and MSSA treatment. West Indies bay oil, as well as bay laurel oil, exhibited bacteria-fighting properties against other pathogenic species, such as Campylobacter, Salmonella, E. coli, and Listeria.
 According to a paper in the International Journal of Advanced Research,13 citronella oil is noted for its efficiency in repelling mosquitoes – it provided about two hours of repellency in the study.
It may help in repelling the dreaded Aedes aegypti, a species of mosquito that spread diseases like dengue fever, chikungunya, and yellow fever. Apart from being used on humans, citronella oil is also used to help keep ticks away from livestock and pets.
In a 2011 issue of Tropical Medicine & International Health,14 an analysis of 11 studies on the capabilities of citronella oil found that when combined with vanillin, the essential oil likely provided up to three hours of protection against mosquitoes.
The study also pointed out comparable protection time against DEET, a chemical commonly found in chemical bug repellents.
The research stated that oil of citronella has potent anti-fungal properties that help suppress the growth of fungi species, such as Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Eurotium.15 Citronella oil owes its antibacterial and antiseptic nature to compounds like methyl isoeugenol.
These compounds assist in preventing the growth of bacteria in your body and help treat wounds, as well as ease infections that may occur in the colon, urethra, bladder, gastrointestinal tract, prostate, and kidneys.
Citronella essential oil is often used in aromatherapy because it can aid in providing relief from anxiety and a light feeling. It can also help provide relief from menstrual cramps and muscle spasms. The oil can also help inhibit inflammation in the liver, stomach, and digestive tract.
 Julia Lawless’s Illustrated Encyclopedia of Essential Oils identifies a number of health benefits of lemon eucalyptus oil, which may help against arthritis, bronchitis, catarrh, cold sores, colds, coughing, fever, flu, poor circulation, and sinusitis.
Lemon eucalyptus or PMD can be a safe alternative to DEET (according to the FDA), the most popular synthetic commercial insect repellent today. DEET has been documented to cause serious adverse effects, especially in children.
When it was tested on humans in Tanzania, PMD gave complete protection from biting for between six to 7.75 hours. Compared to DEET, there was no significant difference in efficacy and duration of protection when used against the Anopheles mosquito, the chief malaria vector in Africa. Other studies have also demonstrated its protection against the biting midge, deer tick, and the stable fly.
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